"To ensure that those responsible for the downing of MH17 are held accountable and brought to justice, the criminal investigation needs the continuing support of the worldwide community", Federica Mogherini, the EU's foreign policy head, said in a statement. The attendees included family members of the victims, Dutch King Wilhem-Alexander and Queen Maxima, and other global guests and politicians.
Dutch King Willem-Alexander and Queen Maxima will join government and global officials at a solemn ceremony to dedicate the memorial in the park of Vijfhuizen, close to Amsterdam's Schiphol airport where the flight took off from on July 17, 2014.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko says Russian Federation must be held to account over the downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, three years after the tragedy that killed 298 people.
About 100 people are wanted in connection with the disaster, after Dutch-led investigators concluded the plane was shot down by a Russian-made BUK missile transported from Russia into areas held by pro-Russian rebels. Russian President Vladimir Putin said that tribunal would be "counterproductive".
According to him, this crime might not have happened if a Russian missile had not been delivered from the territory of Russia amid the Russian aggression.
The commemoration ceremony included the unveiling of a "living memorial" designed by artist Ronald A. Westerhuis and landscape architect Robbert de Koning.
A couple looks at a tree with the name of a victim of the Malaysia Airlines crash in Ukraine in 2014
"A tree symbolizes "hope" and "future" in many cultures", the association for the victim's families said in a statement.
Each of the trees bears the name of one of the victims.
"We not only want to honour the MH17 victims, but also want to create a place where everyone can keep their memories of the 298 passengers alive". And at the heart of the forest of 11 different tree varieties is a steel memorial shaped like an eye, turned upwards looking at the skies.
Julie Bishop, the Australian foreign affairs minister, said: "We'll do all we can".
It is surrounded by a ring of sunflowers which will blossom during the month of July and are also found in the eastern Ukranian fields where some parts of the plane wreckage were found.