The UN's children's agency, UNICEF, said Asia accounts for more than 16 million of the world's 17 million infants aged under one year living in areas with severe pollution - at least six times more than safe levels.
Air pollution for long has been known to cause several ailments related to breathing and general health and according to the United Nations Children's Fund report titled "Danger In the Air" air pollution can also permanently damage a child's brain.
Satellite imagery analysed by UNICEF indicates that 12.2 million of these children live in South Asia.
Lastly, be aware about the air pollution levels near your area. "No child should have to breathe dangerously polluted air and no society can afford to ignore air pollution", said Lake.
The particulate matters could trigger neuro-inflammation by damaging the blood-brain barrier, a membrane that protects the brain from toxic substances.
UNICEF also highlighted the growing risk from minute particles of the iron ore magnetite which is increasingly found in urban pollution.
The report mentions that toxic air can also lead to anxiety disorder and may affect IQ level and memory pattern in kids.
Delhi closed schools in early November after doctors declared a public health emergency, but quickly reopened them - provoking anger from parents who accused authorities of "playing with children's health".
In China, where air pollution has cut life expectancy in the industrial north by three years, the government has imposed production curbs on industry to counter a smog crisis that rivals India's - but progress has been patchy.
Even as the National Capital and adjoining regions are grappling smog and air pollution for over a month now, the issue has been raised at the highest worldwide level as United Nations global Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) has taken a serious view of the situation. "A mask that does not fit the face well won't work".