Despite the anger from the Austrian world number eight, he slightly made up for his outburst by handing the now-unusable equipment to a fan in the crowd.
No fine was announced and USA Today reported that the Women's Tennis Association had not responded to queries regarding the incident, but event organizers have been clamping down on tennis players for unsportsmanlike conduct.
Her most recent triumph came at the Stuttgart Open, where she defeated the American Coco Vandeweghe in straight sets 7-6, 6-4, but she didn't have the same kind of success earlier today in her Italian Open Round of 32 clash with Greek Maria Sakkari.
The usually stoic Czech disagreed with chair umpire Marta Mrozinska over a call when she put away an easy overhead at 5-5, deuce, in the third set. She argued with the umpire on several occasions during the match about points that went out of her favor and calls that were obviously wrong when shown on replay.
"She plays extremely fast, so you don't have a lot of time, and she has incredible contact with the ball, and a great serve", said Sakkari.
After the match, Pliskova approached the umpire's chair and faked a handshake before unloading on the chair with her racket.
And her twin sister Kristyna, world No 71, took to Twitter to defend the Czech player in the immediate aftermath of the defeat.