The impact of STIs remains greatest in young people aged between 15 and 24 years, with gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men among those most at risk, says Public Health England in its report.
Gonorrhea infections in OR have tripled since 2012, and OR has also seen increases in the sexually transmitted infections chlamydia and syphilis, matching a national trend. In March 2018 for example a man was admitted with gonorrhoea that was highly resistant to the two types of antibiotics that this bacteria is most sensitive to. This indicates a 22 percent increase for gonorrhea and a 20 percent increase for syphilis from the past year.
The case was linked to travel to south-east Asia, but Public Health England has reminded Global Positioning System to refer all suspected cases of gonorrhoea to specialist sexual health services (SHS). Highest incidence is seen among adults aged between 25 and 34 years and they were one third of all the cases.
"There is no time for complacency", said Councillor Izzi Seccombe.
The report added: "The large increase in gonorrhoea diagnoses between 2016 and 2017 is concerning due to the ongoing circulation of high-level azithromycin resistant gonorrhoea. Health inequalities will remain and councils may be unable to respond effectively to unforeseen outbreaks". However, testing and diagnoses for chlamydia dropped to 8 percent and 2 percent, respectively.
She added: "Government must reverse cuts to councils' public health grants because we can not tackle this by stretching services even thinner". Most of the decrease occurred in sexual and reproductive health services, reflecting a reduction in provision, the report admitted.
"A reduced ability to identify, test and treat exposed people means they may be unaware of their infection and could be spreading it to others", Landers said.
According to Dr Gwenda Hughes, consultant scientist and head of the STI section at PHE, the long term health consequences of STIs are many.
Hughes also stated that STI's can cause a serious health problem for those who are infected as it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and danger to unborn babies.
"Consistent and correct condom use with new and casual partners is the best defence against STIs, and if you are at risk, regular check-ups are essential to enable early diagnosis and treatment".