Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria, are the only other countries that suffer from endemic polio, a childhood virus that can cause paralysis or death..
Polio has reportedly made a comeback in the crisis-wracked country, Venezuela after almost 30 years, as per the Pan-American Health Organisation.
Polio, or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by one of three strands of the Poliovirus that enters the body through the nose or mouth and later develops in the throat and intestines.
The last case of acute poliomyelitis reported in Venezuela dates back to 1989, a former health minister, Jose Felix Oletta, told AFP.
The organisation said that the child infected with the disease had no history of getting vaccinated for Polio and lives in an impoverished eastern state of Delta Amacuro.
Oletta slammed health authorities in President Nicolas Maduro's government for taking more than a month to notify the PAHO that it had identified the virus.
Devastated by a serious economic and political crisis, Venezuela also recorded a year ago 85% of measles cases in all countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, according to PAHO.
Of 1,685 measles cases reported in the region, 1,427 have been registered in Venezuela, says PAHO in a report released Saturday.
In neighbouring countries, where Venezuelans have migrated due to grim economic conditions, numerous reported cases have been among Venezuelan immigrants, the report said.
The news comes in as the Venezuela faces an intensive growth in other disease, such as tuberculosis, measles, malaria and diphtheria which were earlier eradicated just like Polio.