He went on to hold several of the top jobs in British government, including defence secretary and foreign secretary.
He was the last Foreign Secretary to resign before Boris Johnson quit Theresa May's Cabinet yesterday afternoon.
Tributes have been paid to the former foreign secretary Lord Carrington, who has died at the age of 99.
The House of Lords website said he died on Monday.
"There can be few people who have served our country for as long, and with such dedication, as Lord Carrington did - from his gallantry as a tank commander in the Second World War, for which he was awarded the Military Cross, to his service in Government under two monarchs and six prime ministers, dating back to Winston Churchill".
"His career was given to public service".
Interviewed on Michael Parkinson's popular BBC talk show, Carrington described the Maltese Prime Minister as one of the toughest negotiators he ever came across.
Peter Carrington was a lovely man and a great public servant. He resigned as foreign secretary in 1982, three days after Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands, accepting full responsibility as the minister in charge on what he later called the most sorrowful day of his political life. He also served as Secretary General of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation from 1984 to 1988.
"Kindness and brilliance in equal measure; he'll be deeply missed".
Cabinet office minister David Lidington tweeted on Tuesday he was "sorry to learn of the death of my constituent Lord Carrington".