As he arrived, he tweeted that Mr Macron "has just suggested that Europe build its own military in order to protect itself from the US, China and Russian Federation".
French President Emmanuel Macron kicks off a week of commemorations for the 100th anniversary of the end of World War One, which is set to mix remembrance of the past and warnings about the present surge in nationalism around the globe.
"Very insulting, but perhaps Europe should first pay its fair share of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, which the USA subsidizes greatly!" tweeted Trump, who is scheduled to meet Macron for bilateral talks on Saturday.
"It should be a very handsome period of time, the 100th anniversary of the ending of World War I".
As president, Trump has repeatedly chastised North Atlantic Treaty Organisation members for failing to spend more on defence, and has suggested that the USA was growing disinterested in "paying for Europe's protection" any longer.
So it is only fitting that when victors and vanquished meet to mark the centennial of the armistice this weekend, the biggest ceremony should be on the famed Champs-Elysees at the Arc de Triomphe.
The trip comes as the White House looks to grapple with a new political reality of Democrats taking the House in Tuesday's midterm elections and the fallout from the president's sudden firing of Attorney General Jeff Sessions.
Trump originally wanted to celebrate Veterans Day on Sunday with a grand military parade in Washington, as he was inspired by the tanks and flyovers he saw during France's Bastille Day celebration when he visited Paris in July of previous year. Trump ordered the Pentagon to come up with plans for his own version, but they were eventually scrapped over concerns about costs and the damage tanks weighing many tons would do to the streets in Washington.
Trump's national security adviser, John Bolton, said Friday in Paris that the United States was concerned about stability in Europe and that Trump was not shirking from global engagement.
The White House and the Kremlin had previously considered a formal meeting in Paris.
Mr Trump's brief visit to Europe comes amid uncertainty about the USA relationship with the continent.
"We have to protect ourselves with respect to China, Russia and even the US", Mr Macron said.
Mr Trump has repeatedly criticised the amount of money European nations commit to North Atlantic Treaty Organisation compared to the US.