In fusion reaction, two nuclei were combined unlike in the fission reaction used in current nuclear reactors that basically splits an atom.
Earlier this year, a doughnut-shaped object in a building in China blazed up to 100 million degrees Celsius - hotter than the interior of the sun. Nuclear fusion is a staggering technical innovation in which hydrogen from sea water and readily available lithium is heated to more than 150 million°C.
"Nuclear fusion is arguably the best way for human beings to get energy".
In 1989, U.S. scientists Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons claimed to have developed a way of generating nuclear fusion at room temperature, a process they referred to as "cold fusion".
But to do so, companies need to find a way to harvest energy from a plasma held at millions of degrees Celsius - something that has defied researchers for decades.
It should be noted that the core of our real Sun is just 15 million degrees Celsius hot.
Interestingly, an artificial Sun is the name given to nuclear fusion experiments, and it is not similar to the artificial moon that China is planning to send up to space soon. Experts argue that energy generated through this method could be the solution for energy needs as the non-renewable natural sources of energy are depleting day by day.
Designed, constructed, and assembled mainly by Chinese scientists, the EAST project was approved by China's National Development and Reform Commission in 1998 to conduct fundamental physics and engineering research on advanced tokamak fusion reactors. One key in this experiment was the team's work to resolve particle and power exhaust, something it says is critical for high-performance steady state operation.