Polish Environment minister Henryk Kowalczyk told reporters in Warsaw that the state-owned JSW company along with coal-based energy companies PGE and Tauron were chosen as partners for the global talks aimed at reducing global warming through cutting greenhouse gas emissions. But he noted that the European Union executive had shied away from setting any new emissions targets by 2030. It said that global emissions must be cut sharply, and that this must happen in just 12 years, by 2030, to preserve a chance of limiting temperatures to a rise of 1.5 deg C.
Richard Black, director of the Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit (ECIU), said while the growth of emissions in 2017 was a major challenge to governments, the report also showed "decoupling" of emissions from economic growth was continuing, with pollution growing by much less than the global economy.
The European Commission's strategy on climate towards 2050 is "underwhelming and unambitious", European parliamentarian Yannick Jadot said on Wednesday in the European Parliament. That is, essentially, the difference between "where we likely are" and "where we would like to be" in terms of global emissions. To slow climate change, significant interventions are necessary. "At US$70 per ton of CO2, emission reductions of up to 40 per cent are possible in some countries".
More broadly, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change special report released last month concluded that 2 deg C of warming - once seen as a safety guardrail - would in fact usher in a maelstrom of deadly extreme weather. In this way, the world gradually ramps up its action against climate change. It will contribute scientific evidence to inform decision making during the conference, which is expected to adopt implementation guidelines for the Paris Agreement.
Australia is listed as a G20 country that will not meet its 2030 target - alongside Canada, Argentina, EU28, the Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, South Africa and the United States.
'If the IPCC report represented a global fire alarm, this report is the arson investigation, ' UNEP deputy executive director Joyce Msuya said in a statement.
'The science is clear; for all the ambitious climate action we've seen - governments need to move faster and with greater urgency.
Also, the report finds that the gap between countries' promises in Paris and emissions levels that would be needed to stay consistent with the accord is even larger than previously believed.
"Our greenhouse gas emissions nationally keep on going up, and of course to actually meet those targets at some stage they have to go down", said Professor Howden, who was a review editor on this year's IPCC report. We are feeding this fire while the means to extinguish it are within reach, ' he added.
It hopes to hold the increase in the global average temperature to below 2°C (3.6ºF) 'and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C (2.7°F)'.
UNEP stresses that while "surging momentum from the private sector" and "untapped potential from innovation and green-financing" offer "pathways" to bridge the emissions gap globally, the "technical feasibility" of limiting global warming to 1.5°C "is dwindling". A continuation of current trends will likely result in global warming of around 3°C by the end of the century, with continued temperature rises after that, according to the report findings. When it comes to selling citizens on carbon-pollution pricing, the authors say, policy makers need to confront what's known as solution aversion, the common tendency to pretend a problem doesn't exist if the solutions are particularly unappealing.