The mission's various scientific payloads were also checked and verified before the rover took to the surface.
The Chang'e-4 lunar probe itself is a good example of worldwide cooperation: It is equipped with instruments developed by scientists from Sweden, Germany and China to study the lunar environment, cosmic radiation and the interaction between solar wind and the moon surface.
Artist's impression of the Chang'e-4 lander on the lunar surface. LFS aboard Chang'e-4 will astronomically observe low-frequency bands.
The concept of deploying a relay satellite in the halo orbit was first put forward by US space experts in the 1960s, but was realized by Chinese space engineers. The Aitken basin is regarded to have formed during a massive collision in the earliest history of the moon.
The lander will also conduct some rather interesting research during the course of the mission to determine if terrestrial creatures can grow in lunar gravity.
In addition to enabling China's first crewed mission to the Moon, these studies could also play a vital role in the construction of a lunar outpost. "There's a lot of enthusiasm for the space program in China".
The lunar far side never faces Earth because of tidal locking.
The South Pole of the Moon is the area where all the future commercial and science sites are likely to be.
"The relay satellite communicates with Earth using radio waves". For all those uninitiated and confused, the far side of the Moon is that portion which is rarely studied by the researchers. As direct communication of the probe with its handlers is not possible, all data has to be bounced off relay satellites that send it back to earth.
"As long as we keep it clean of radio interference, the far side of the moon is very good for radio astronomy", he said. Besides, radio signals also can not get to the spacecraft on the far side. In a landing that lined up nicely with the new year, China's Chang'e 4 touched down on the far side of the Moon and quickly deployed a rover that is now crawling along the surface.
The Yutu-2 rover follows on from the successful Indian Chandrayann-1 mission, which was among the first spacecraft to show evidence of water on the moon after mapping the surface between 2008 and 2009.