Last 4 years hottest on record, United Nations confirms

Postado Fevereiro 09, 2019

SNASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) "will provide the annual release of global temperatures data and discuss the most important climate trends of 2018" in a teleconference today at 11:30 a.m. EST (1630 GMT).

U.S. government scientists have announced that the Earth's average temperature was the fourth hottest on record in 2018.

The world temperature in 2018 was the fourth hottest ever recorded, only next to 2016 (the warmest), 2015 and 2017, say the specialists of the National Administration of Aeronautics and Space (NASA). Nine of the hottest years have occurred since 2005, with the past five years being the warmest on record.

"Twenty-eighteen is yet again an extremely warm year on top of a long-term global warming trend", Goddard Institute for Space Studies Director Gavin Schmidt said in a statement.

Last year, the Earth was more than one degree Celsius higher (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit) than the average temperature of the latter part of the 19th century.

Sadly, the increasingly warm temperatures are being caused by human activity due to the growing numbers of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane.

In 2015, nearly 200 governments adopted the Paris climate agreement to phase out the use of fossil fuels and limit the rise in temperatures between 1.5C to 2C, to avert "dangerous" man-made climate change. The UN body also said that 2019 had picked up where 2018 left off, with Australia experiencing its warmest January on record.

Using computer simulations, the British weather office forecast s that the next five years will average somewhere between 58.51 and 59.49 degrees (14.73 to 15.27 Celsius).

Patrick Verkooijen, head of the Global Centre on Adaptation in the Netherlands, told Reuters that the WMO report showed "climate change is not a distant phenomenon but is here right now".

NASA's temperature analyses incorporate surface temperature measurements from 6,300 weather stations, ship- and buoy-based observations of sea surface temperatures, and temperature measurements from Antarctic research stations.

It was also an expensive year for natural disasters. That would be warmer than the last four years. According to NASA and NOAA, there were a total of 14 billion-dollar weather and climate disaster events in the 2018 alone, costing the nation $91 billion in direct economic damages and resulting in 247 deaths. The release of the NASA/NOAA report was delayed by the United States government shutdown.