High school e-cigarette use is exploding and reversing prevention gains

Postado Fevereiro 14, 2019

"The skyrocketing growth of young people's e-cigarette use over the past year threatens to erase progress made in reducing youth tobacco use", said Dr Robert Redfield, director of the CDC.

"We're creating a new generation of youth and adolescents that have an addiction to nicotine products". In fact, a study conducted by the Centre for Substance Use Research UK, to be presented at the upcoming 2019 SRNT Annual Meeting, found that of all surveyed USA adolescents aged 13-17 who reported ever using a JUUL device, a majority reported that they had initiated on a flavor not offered in JUUL products.

University of Calgary graduate student Asha Hollis said vaping rates have risen dramatically in recent years. Across high school student users in 2018, any tobacco product use was reported at 32.4% for non-Hispanic whites.

The regulation of e-cigarettes falls to Health Canada, which announced last week it was looking at new measures of restricting ads and limiting their visibility to youth. This new device heats solid tobacco instead of e-liquid and has the same effects as an ordinary cigarette or vaping.

On Tuesday, February 12, middle and high schoolers who are members of Our Voices Xposed (OVX) and Vermont Kids Against Tobacco (VKAT) - Vermont's youth-led movements to reduce youth smoking and vaping - are scheduled to march to the Vermont Statehouse for a rally against the perils of electronic cigarettes and flavored tobacco among their peers.

With the sharp uptick in e-cigarette use, the CDC is likely to find the trend of increased use among youth will not end in 2018. Across middle school students previous year, any tobacco product use was reported among 9.5% of Hispanics and 6.8% of non-Hispanic blacks, and it dropped to 6.6% of non-Hispanic whites and dropped again to 3.8% of non-Hispanic students of other races.

Vaping began to take off among the young in the 2010s, and overtook cigarette smoking in 2014.

Gottlieb said these trends could force the FDA "to make some tough decisions about the regulatory status of e-cigarettes".

"JUUL entered the US market in 2015 and since December 2017 has held the greatest market share of any e-cigarette in the United States". Cigarettes (8 percent) were next most common, followed by cigars (7 percent), smokeless tobacco (6 percent), hookah (4 percent), and pipe tobacco (1 percent).

The report also showed that those who use e-cigarettes are using them more frequently.

The latest Vital Sign report is the first to reflect the impact of rising sales of Juul and other copycat products. While e-cigarettes are allowed to be on sale without undergoing an FDA review until 2022, the FDA is providing that flexibility so that it doesn't limit options for adult smokers. "What came out clearly was that the newer products were in no way less toxic to cells than conventional cigarettes or e-cigarette vaping". The figure dropped to 21.7% of Hispanics and was down to 18.4% of non-Hispanic other race.