He said, it is not automatic that every diabetic or hypertensive patient would have a kidney disease, adding that, factors such as severe malaria, severe dehydration and excessive loss of blood either through a surgery or any other means could contribute to kidney disease.
The day is celebrated in 66 countries including Nigeria.
The celebration was initiated by the joint committee of the International Society of Nephrology and International Federation of Kidney Foundations in 2006.
There has been a steep rise in cases of chronic kidney disease across the globe and in India it is the eighth leading cause of death.
In India the prevalence of this disease has nearly doubled in recent years and is expected to increase due to the various risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, stress, obesity and other unhealthy eating habits.
To mark the day, different events were held in which speakers highlighted that most of the people had inadequate knowledge about health-care provision due to lack of health education and, most importantly, the increasing prevalence of risk factors for CKD such as diabetes and hypertension. And with earlier diagnosis, you or your loved ones with kidney disease stand a better chance of slowing the disease's progress and preventing or delaying life-threatening kidney failure.
The ultimate goal of a UHC policy is to promote population health by ensuring universal, sustainable and equitable access to essential healthcare of high quality, protecting people from health impoverishment and improving equity in health. "We need people to feel empowered to talk to their doctors about their risk for kidney disease".
He said: "As we speak today, kidney disease is counted as the sixth highest causes of death".
Kidneys serve a vital role by filtering waste and excess fluid from the blood and maintaining a healthy balance of water, salts, and minerals. Because kidney disease usually has no symptoms until the late stages, simple blood and urine tests are the only ways to know how well your kidneys are working. When less blood reaches the kidney, it disrupts the kidney's ability to work. They are situated somewhere near the middle of your back, processing close to 190 litres of blood two kg of waste from your system every day. "Keep away from processed foods and ready-made restaurant meals". The institute aims to properly control diabetes (fasting glucose in 90-130 range and random blood glucose of less than 180) and high blood pressure (keeping it below 130/80), and manage lipid/cholesterol levels (target LDL of less than 100, triglycerides less than 150) through a low protein and low salt diet. Not drinking enough water also leads to dehydration, which in turn injures the organ. This preventive approach helps to avoid dialysis and kidney transplantation in many patients with CKD.